Chrysocolla

About Chrysocolla

Chrysocolla is one of the Peruvian flagship minerals for jewelry and decor-products. It is a minor ore of copper that forms in the superficial oxidation zones of copper ore bodies and is mined in the Peruvian desert and on the western slopes of the Andes where artisan miners search for the greenish coloration in the desert sand indicating the presence of chrysocolla. By then digging into the depth and following the chrysocolla veins miners might then eventually find copper bodies.
There is however a number of miners being specialized on chrysocolla mining itself.

Chrysocolla itself has a cyan (blue-green) color. The interesting fact however is that chrysocolla veins are in fact never pure chrysocolla but rather consist of a mixture of this mineral with a number of others. If the Crysocolla originates from the Peruvian coastal desert we find it mixed mostly with:

  • Cuprite – an oxide mineral composed of copper oxide Cu2O, and is a minor ore of copper. It is dark red to cochineal red, sometimes almost black.
  • Malachite – a green copper carbonate hydroxide mineral.
  • Tenorite – dull grey-black.
  • Quartz – The white milk quartz or milky quartz is the most common variety of crystalline quartz.

When the Crysocolla originates from higher altitudes in in the western Andean slopes, we find it mixed with:

  •  Azurite – a soft, deep-blue copper mineral
  • Malachite
  • Tenorite
  • Quartz

Even if a material is called “Chrysocolla”, most likely the real Chrysocolla mineral itself only makes up for a small percentage within the mix of minerals.

Generally spoken: The higher the concentration of real Chrysocolla in the mixed vein (means the more uniform cyan its color) the more costly is the rough rock. Pure cyan coloured chrysocolla pieces are generally used for jewelry only because they are small and very expensive.

Also, the more chrysocolla is in the mix, the harder it is to cut as the chrysocolla itself is very soft and easily breaks and chips.

Gemrock Peru permanently acquires different variations of chrysocolla from different veins. We also will provide you with in-depth advice on each mineral combination and for what kind of product it can be used best.

Folowing are some chrysocolla types we are having on stock:

 

Chrysocolla crystals

Chrysocolla forms botryoidal crystals. We are providing Chrysocolla crystals in specimen flats and as crystal surfaces for gemcutters.

 

Chrysocolla type: Water & Wine®

This amazing mix with a very blue chrysocolla and a wine-red matrix is the new chrysocolla which still does exist in considerable amounts and can be acquired for a reasonable price as rough material in order to be used for bigger decor pieces like spheres, hearts and other objects.

Peruvian Cuantum Cuatro

This is quartz mixed with chrysocolla and malachite. This vein was recently discovered in 2018 and still has a reasonable reserve to be exploited and replace classic Chrysocolla. There are big enough pieces available for any type of product.

However rough  rock clients may be advised that this material is very dificult to cut, has a relatively high rate of breakage and requires some stabilization.

We at Gemrock Peru have learned to master this material and are happy to offer you finishd products. In order to learn more, click here:

Classic Chrysocolla

This is the classic mix of chrysocolla, malachite, tenorite and a little cuprite, that was mined for many years in the Peruvian desert near Nazca city. It is well known and many clients wish to acquire it. However, sadly there are not many mines anymore producing this material as most of them have reached the copper-layer. The small amounts of this chrysocolla type, that are available, have become so expensive that the material can not be used for spheres or other products anymore and still deliver a commercially viable product. We are still stocking some 100 kilos for our own jewelry production and are abkle to sell high quality rough and slabs to gemcutters.

Chrysocolla type: Mother Earth®

This is a type of boulder chrysocolla consisting of fine and pure crysocolla veins in brown rock material featuring a birds-view over a brown green landscape with blue lakes and rivers. An amazing material for cabs and jewelry. We are left with just a few dozen kilos of this material in our stock and can provide more material from the mine if required by gemcutters and lapidary clients.

Chrysocolla type: Turquoise

Due to the mixture with lime this chrysocolla type looks very similar to turquoise. However the high content of lime makes this type of chrysocolla nearly impossible to polish.

We at Gemrock Peru have originally selected some 100 kilos of high quality jewelry grade material from a total of 8 tons of rough (with the remaining 7.9 tons being rejected by us). There are still a few kilos left, which we are using for our own jewelry products. We are happy to attend gemcutters and lapidary clients with a little bit of this rough material. 

Oval Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla
Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla 3
Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla 4
Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla 2
drop shaped Master Cabochon made from turquoise chrysocolla
Chrysocolla sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Collection Orbita: silver ring with Chrysocolla disk
Chryso-quartz sphere
Collection Orbita: silver ring with Chrysocolla disk
Chryso-quartz sphere
Collection Orbita: silver ring with Chrysocolla disk
Chryso-Quartz heart
Collection Orbita: silver ring with Chrysocolla disk
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chrysocolla moons
Chrysocolla Wand
Quantum Cuattro obelisc towers
Quantum cuattro free forms
quantum cuattro egg
Chrysocolla tumbled
Chrysocolla Wand
Quantum cuattro pyramid
Chrysocolla free forms
Quantum Cuattro obelisc towers
Chrysocolla in Quartz moons
Chrysocolla in Quartz moons
Quantum cuattro crescent moons
Quantum Cuattro free forms
Quantum Cuattro egg
Oval Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla
Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla 4
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chrysocolla sphere
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chrysocolla in Quartz moons
Chrysocolla tumbled
Chrysocolla Wand
Chrysocolla Wand
Quantum cuattro pyramid
Quantum cuattro free forms
Quantum Cuattro obelisc towers
Quantum Cuattro egg
drop shaped Master Cabochon made from turquoise chrysocolla
Master Cabochon made from chrysocolla 3
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-Quartz heart
Chryso-quartz sphere
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chrysocolla in Quartz hearts
Chrysocolla moons
Chrysocolla moons
Quantum Cuattro obelisc towers
quantum cuattro egg
Chrysocolla free forms
Quantum cuattro crescent moons
Quantum cuattro pyramid

Shapes made with chrysocolla

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